D’Loughtane (and various other designations)

We recently came across the following Waterford maps courtesy of Twitter friends @TimeFinding – one from 1685 by William Petty and the other from 1746.

What caught our eye initially were the various townland designations show on both maps for the parish of Clashmore & Kinsalebeg (some of which are quite cryptic!), but the one that stands out has to be the different names given for the contemporary townland of D’Loughtane.

Petty Waterford Map 1785
Petty’s Map of Waterford 1685

On the 1685 map, it is denoted as Cloghtaine and on the 1746 edition it is show as Loughdane, (albeit in the wrong geographical location!). Over the centuries this townland has had more designations than any other townland that comes to mind, as detailed here:

The explanations for the origins of the rather unusual townland name D’Loughtane are varied and differ enormously. The Placenames Database of Ireland* lists a number of variations in the name of this townland over the centuries including Dlontham (circa 1302), Droghton (c. 1566), Dloghtane (c. 1606) and Dloughtane (c. 1654, 1841). Canon Power in his Placenames of the Decies states D’Loughtane or Lochtán means “An Eminence” or a distinguished person. Dr O’Foley says “that the proper word is Dlochtán- “A Strainer,” derived from wattles or palisade erected at mouth of tributary stream.” Yet another explanation is that D’Loughtane is made up of two separate elements combined into a single name over time with the first part Loughtane (Clochtane) referring to the little lake in the area known as the Broad of Clashmore. The second element, the D at the start of the name, was thought to refer to the Ronayne family who were historically linked to the area over the centuries and who were sometimes referred to in old manuscripts as Ronayne De (of) Loughtane. The two elements were later combined and abbreviated to form D’Loughtane. 

The aforementioned maps feed into the second theory that the townland may well originally have been Loughtane, so named for a nearby lake, and was later ambiguated to D’Loughtane as explained above.
We would love to hear any alternative views on this – feel free to comment below!

Bibliography – Dlochtán – Houses of Kinsalebeg
Placenames of The Decies – Canon Power